Long-Term Care

The effects of dementia

LTC Nursing Assistant Trainer, March 8, 2012

Dementia is a mental disorder involving a general loss of intellectual abilities and changes in personality. Dementia can have the following effects on residents:

1. Memory loss

  • Affects recent memories the most
  • Makes it difficult to learn anything new or to follow instructions

2. Language loss (the meaning of words)

  • Makes it difficult to recognize words and understand complex sentences
  • Makes it difficult to express ideas

3. Attention loss

  • Unable to start or stop a task
  • Easily distracted

4. Judgment loss

  • Cannot accurately assess circumstances
  • Unable to see consequences of actions

5. Loss of perception or senses

  • Unable to recognize things or people
  • Causes misinterpretation of what is seen, heard, or felt

6. Loss of muscle organization

  • Unable to perform multiple-step tasks
  • Require prompts or cues for routine tasks

This is an excerpt from the HCPro book, The Long-Term Care Nursing Desk Reference, Second Edition, by Barbara Acello, MS, RN.

Most Popular