Tip of the week: Encourage residents to self reflect

Residency Program Insider, May 24, 2011

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In the developmental approach to learning, teaching ceases to consist of teacher-selected lessons and becomes a fluid process of directly observing the learners’ clinical work, actions, and decisions and their manual, cognitive, and emotional development in doing their jobs as new professionals. Then the work stops, and the teacher and learners reflect on their actions. Together they practice skills in problem-solving, analyzing data, or practicing clinical skills in simulation settings. In this type of teaching, the attending physician:

  • Gives corrective feedback
  • Highlights problems of emerging relevance to the resident
  • Structures rounding conversations around primary concepts
  • Seeks and values the resident’s point of view
  • Adapts the curriculum of case discussions to address the resident’s suppositions, work habits, clinical skills, and emotional responses in solving his or her patients’ problems

This week’s tip is from A Practical Guide to Teaching and Assessing the ACGME Core Competencies, Second Edition.

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