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Q&A: Coding for an ED patient with orthostatic hypotension and a history of hypertension

JustCoding News: Inpatient, April 28, 2010

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QUESTION: A patient presents to the ED with a syncope episode, and the physician notes that the patient has orthostatic hypotension. This patient is on blood pressure medication and has a history of hypertension. Do I code the hypertension (code 401.9) in addition to the orthostatic hypotension (code 458.0)?

ANSWER: Code 458.0 (orthostatic hypotension, chronic or postural) reports low blood pressure. It seems difficult to believe that one person could have both high blood pressure and low blood pressure at the same time. Therefore, you need to query the physician and obtain more details.

If the attending physician changed the dosage of the blood pressure medication, this would help to explain the situation. This would mean that the syncope, determined to be a sign of orthostatic hypotension, actually resulted from the patient’s current blood pressure medication dosage. If this is the case, report the orthostatic hypotension as an adverse reaction of the blood pressure medication by including the appropriate E code, such as E942.6 (drugs causing adverse effects in therapeutic use; other antihypertensive agents).

Then, you should also report code 401.9 (essential hypertension unspecified). This would help explain why the patient had hypotension due to the blood pressure medication.

Editor’s note: Shelley C. Safian, MAOM/HSM, CCS-P, CPC-H, CHA, of Safian Communications Services in Orlando, FL, answered this question. She is a senior assistant professor who teaches medical billing and insurance coding at Herzing University Online in Milwaukee, WI. E-mail her at ssafian@embarqmail.com.

This answer was provided based on limited information submitted to JustCoding.com. Be sure to review all documentation specific to your own individual scenario before determining appropriate code assignment.

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